There are rain forests and cloud forests in Mexico along with tropical dry forests, subtropical dry forests, temperate forests, and jungles. About one-third of Mexico is covered with forests.
The rain forests are classified based on the amount of rain received in a year. It must be at least 200 cm (about 75 inches). They can be either tropical or temperate. The temperate forests can have a distinct dry season while the tropical forests receive rain on a steady basis throughout the year.
The tropical rain forests are found from Guatemala north along the Atlantic and Caribbean coast and also along the Pacific coast. There are about 24 Mexican states that contain rainforest. Some parts of the rainforest are actually jungle. The Lacandon Jungle is in Chiapas and the Yucatan and there is also some jungle near Puerto Vallarta. The Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve in Chiapas includes much of this jungle and is one of the best locations in Mexico to observe nature.
Cloud forests are found in 20 states and some of the best are in Oaxaca, Veracruz, and Tamaulipas. The Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo in Tamaulipas protects the northernmost part of the tropical and cloud forest.
The rain and cloud forests are enchanted places filled with brilliant color. You will see marvelous plants, birds, and butterflies. If you are really lucky you may see some of the animals – maybe even a jaguar. If you look closely in the last photo you can see an Iguana in the lush vegetation of Puerto Vallarta.
(The photos are from Veracruz. The structure is the Casa de Cortes, in Antigua, Veracruz. The Iguana is from Puerto Vallarta.)